Feedback with Assessments:
At a very basic level, students can get feedback on assessments simply by looking point totals. However, there is a bigger impact on student achievement if the feedback is timely, corrective, & specific (David Sousa, How the Brain Learns). When creating assessments in Schoology, you can set feedback options so that students can get immediate feedback with correct answers, and for some question types like multiple choice, you can also automate feedback based on responses.
When thinking about the kinds of feedback students or student data can provide for teachers, there are detailed assessment reports available that help inform teachers about instructional needs for the class as a whole and/or for individual students. (And, any items aligned to standards will also be tracked for mastery.) Additionally, students can type in comments (for the assessment in general) to let teachers know personal impressions or specific feedback.
Feedback with Assignments:
While the rubric builder defaults to a 1-4 scale with generic descriptions (excellent, good, satisfactory, needs improvement), you can change the number of descriptors, the points associated with each level, and edit each of those levels to further delineate what each scale score reflects. When you grade the item, simply check the boxes that reflect the student's achievement levels and it will tally the points for you.
Feedback with Discussion Boards:
Feedback with the Gradebook:
Providing feedback digitally for students and gathering feedback from students can help us refine what we do, how we do it, and how we can further strive for mastery.